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Below results based on the criteria 'Partial Likelihood Maximization'
Total number of records returned: 1
Robust Estimation of the Cox Proportional Hazards Model
Event History Modeling
Cox Proportional Hazards Model
Partial Likelihood Maximization
Iteratively-Reweighted Robust Estimation
The Cox proportional hazards model is often used with time-to-event data in political science. However, misspecification issues such as measurement error or omitted covariates can cause substantial coefficient bias when it is estimated via the conventional Partial Likelihood Maximization (PLM). Here we review an iteratively-reweighted robust (IRR) estimator of the Cox model that is proven to reduce this bias under such conditions and propose a cross-validated median fit (CVMF) test to select between PLM and IRR. Then we apply the test to data in political science. We consider several typologies of replications with respect to (1) the test's selection (PLM or IRR) and (2) the implications of IRR for the original hypotheses (less support, more support, or mixed results). Overall, we demonstrate that PLM and IRR can each be optimal, that substantive conclusions can depend on which one is used, and that the CVMF test is effective in choosing between them.