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Below results based on the criteria 'LATE'
Total number of records returned: 2
Opium for the Masses: How Foreign Media Can Stabilize Authoritarian Regimes
local average response function
In this case study of the impact of West German television on public support for the East German communist regime, we evaluate the conventional wisdom in the democratization literature that foreign mass media undermine authoritarian rule. We exploit formerly classified survey data and a natural experiment to identify the effect of foreign media exposure using instrumental variable estimators. Contrary to conventional wisdom, East Germans exposed to West German television were more satisfied with life in East Germany and more supportive of the East German regime. To explain this surprising finding, we show that East Germans used West German television primarily as a source of entertainment. Behavioral data on regional patterns in exit visa applications and archival evidence on the reaction of the East German regime to the availability of West German television corroborate this result.
Beyond LATE: A Simple Method for Recovering Sample Average Treatment Effects
average treatment effect
Political scientists frequently use instrumental variables estimators to estimate the Local Average Treatment Effect (LATE), or the average treatment effect among those who comply with treatment assignment. However, the LATE is often not the causal estimand of interest; researchers may instead be interested in the Sample Average Treatment Effect (SATE), or the average treatment effect for the entire sample. We first introduce the compliance score, a pre-treatment covariate that reflects a unit's probability of treatment compliance, to researchers in political science. We posit a maximum likelihood estimation technique for predicting compliance scores even in the presence of two-sided non-compliance. We then develop a new technique, inverse compliance score weighting, that, in conjunction with a standard IV estimator, will allow researchers to easily estimate the SATE. Finally, we estimate both the LATE and SATE for a randomized experiment designed to measure the effects of media exposure and reach striking substantive conclusions.