About the Society
Papers, Posters, Syllabi
Submit an Item
Polmeth Mailing List
Below results based on the criteria 'Gibbs sampler'
Total number of records returned: 3
Parameterization and Bayesian Modeling
missing data imputation
Progress in statistical computation often leads to advances in statistical modeling. For example, it is surprisingly common that an existing model is reparameterized, solely for computational purposes, but then this new configuration motivates a new family of models that is useful in applied statistics. One reason this phenomenon may not have been noticed in statistics is that reparameterizations do not change the likelihood. In a Bayesian framework, however, a transformation of parameters typically suggests a new family of prior distributions. We discuss examples in censored and truncated data, mixture modeling, multivariate imputation, stochastic processes, and multilevel models.
The Spatial Probit Model of Interdependent Binary Outcomes: Estimation, Interpretation, and Presentation
Bayesian Gibbs-Sampler Estimator
Recursive Importance-Sampling Estimator
We have argued and shown elsewhere the ubiquity and prominence of spatial interdependence in political science research and noted that much previous practice has neglected this interdependence or treated it solely as nuisance to the serious detriment of sound inference. Previously, we considered only linear-regression models of spatial and/or spatio-temporal interdependence. In this paper, we turn to binary-outcome models. We start by stressing the ubiquity and centrality of interdependence in binary outcomes of interest to political and social scientists and note that, again, this interdependence has been ignored in most contexts where it likely arises and that, in the few contexts where it has been acknowledged, the endogeneity of the spatial lag has not be recognized. Next, we explain some of the severe challenges for empirical analysis posed by spatial interdependence in binary-outcome models, and then we follow recent advances in the spatial-econometric literature to suggest Bayesian or recursive-importance-sampling (RIS) approaches for tackling estimation. In brief and in general, the estimation complications arise because among the RHS variables is an endogenous weighted spatial-lag of the unobserved latent outcome, y*, in the other units; Bayesian or RIS techniques facilitate the complicated nested optimization exercise that follows from that fact. We also advance that literature by showing how to calculate estimated spatial effects (as opposed to parameter estimates) in such models, how to construct confidence regions for those (adopting a simulation strategy for the purpose), and how to present such estimates effectively.
Penalized Regression, Standard Errors, and Bayesian Lassos
Bayesian hierarchical models
Penalized regression methods for simultaneous variable selection and coefficient estimation, especially those based on the lasso of Tibshirani (1996), have received a great deal of attention in recent years, mostly through frequentist models. Properties such as consistency have been studied, and are achieved by different lasso variations. Here we look at a fully Bayesian formulation of the problem, which is flexible enough to encompass most versions of the lasso that have been previously considered. The advantages of the hierarchical Bayesian formulations are many. In addition to the usual ease-of-interpretation of hierarchical models, the Bayesian formulation produces valid standard errors (which can be problematic for the frequentist lasso), and is based on a geometrically ergodic Markov chain. We compare the performance of the Bayesian lassos to their frequentist counterparts using simulations and data sets that previous lasso papers have used, and see that in terms of prediction mean squared error, the Bayesian lasso performance is similar to and, in some cases, better than, the frequentist lasso.