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Below results based on the criteria 'Fixed-lag Smoothing'
Total number of records returned: 1
Binary and Ordinal Time Series with AR(p) Errors: Bayesian Model Determination for Latent High-Order Markovian Processes
Auxiliary Particle Filter
Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC)
Sampling Importance Resampling(SIR)
To directly and adequately correct serial correlation in binary and ordinal response data, this paper proposes a probit model with errors following a pth-order autoregressive process, and develops simulation-based methods in the Bayesian context to handle computational challenges of posterior estimation, model comparison, and lag order determination. Compared to the extant methods, such as quasi-ML, GCM, and and simulation-based ML estimators, the current method does not rely on the properties of the big variance-covariance matrix or the shape of the likelihood function. In addition, the present model efficiently handles high-order autocorrelated errors that raise computationally formidable difficulties to the conventional methods. By applying a mixed sampler of the Gibbs and Metropolis-Hastings algorithm, the posterior distributions of the parameters do not depend on initial observations. The auxiliary particle filter, complemented by the fixed-lag smoothing, is extended to approximate Bayes Factors for models with latent high-order Markov processes. Computational methods are tested with empirical data. Energy cooperation policies of the International Energy Agency are analyzed in terms of their effects on global oil-supply security. The current model with different lag orders, together with other competitive models, is estimated and compared.