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Below results based on the criteria 'Bayesian tests'
Total number of records returned: 1
Making Inferences from 2x2 Tables: The Inadequacy of the Fisher Exact\r\nTest for Observational Data and a Principled Bayesian Alternative
Fisher exact test
difference of proportions
The Fisher exact test is the dominant method of making inferences from 2x2 tables where the number of observations is small. Although the Fisher test and approximations to it are used in a large number of studies, these tests rest on a data generating process which is inappropriate for most applications for which they are used. The canonical Fisher test assumes that both of the margins in a 2x2 table are fixed by construction---i.e., both the treatment and outcome margins are fixed a priori. If the data were generated by an alternative process, such as binomial, negative binomial or Poisson binomial sampling, the Fisher exact test and approximations to it do not have correct coverage. A Bayesian method is offered which has correct coverage, is powerful, is consistent with a binomial process and can be extended easily to other distributions. A prominent 2x2 table which has been used in the literature by Geddes (1990) and Sekhon (2004) to explore the relationship between foreign threat and social revolution (Skocpol, 1979) is reanalyzed. The Bayesian method finds a significant relationship even though the Fisher and related tests do not. A Monte Carlo sampling experiment is provided which shows that the Bayesian method dominates the usual alternatives in terms of both test coverage and power when the data are generated by a binomial process.